The Coastal Management Act 2016 (CM Act) defines four coastal
management areas that make up the coastal zone which include the coastal wetlands and littoral rainforests area,
coastal vulnerability area, coastal environment area and coastal use area.
The State Environmental Planning Policy (Coastal Management)
2018 (CM SEPP), currently maps three of these areas, using the best available
information. The CM SEPP does not yet include maps of the coastal
The coastal vulnerability area is the area affected by coastal
hazards defined by the CM Act, which include beach
erosion, shoreline recession, coastal lake or watercourse entrance instability,
coastal inundation, tidal inundation and coastal cliff or slope instability.
Councils may prepare a
planning proposal to map the coastal vulnerability area in their Local
Environmental Plan (LEP), using existing information or from detailed studies
undertaken during the Coastal Management Program process. This
information would also guide the development of strategic planning and
development controls to assist with managing coastal hazards where they present
a risk to public safety, property, use and enjoyment or economic activity along
Coastal vulnerability area maps
can address one or all of the coastal hazards affecting land in a local
government area where they are relevant and may be included in the CM SEPP. It
is important that sufficient time and involvement is provided to the community
where coastal vulnerability maps are developed.
To ensure appropriate consideration of
coastal hazards in development assessment, the CM SEPP includes an obligation
for consent authorities, which includes Council, to consider coastal hazards. The
existing information on coastal hazards within Council’s Shoalhaven Local Environmental Plan (LEP) 2014 and Shoalhaven
Development Control Plan (DCP) 2014, continues to apply when considering
development applications in the coastal zone.
intent of the Stage 1 – Scoping Study, which is being prepared to legally align
with the CM Act and the NSW Coastal Management Manual is to review the adequacy
of this existing information to inform the scope of the CMP. The Scoping Study
will identify if improvements may be necessary to the existing information or
there are any potential gaps in information or if further investigation and
assessment may be required in Stages 2 and 3 based on the best available
scientific information. As part of the Scoping Study process and Stages 2
information prepared by the State Government including the Sea Level Rise –
Science and Synthesis for NSW, The NSW Estuary Tidal Inundation Exposure
Assessment and Coastal Erosion in NSW – Statewide Exposure Assessment
will be used to assist Council to identify where existing information needs to be
reviewed or where additional studies may be required.
is seeking input from the community in development of the Scoping
Study. The draft Scoping Study report will also be placed on public exhibition
prior to adoption by Council.